- Get the person into a shady, cool (preferably air-conditioned) area.
- Help the person remove any extra clothing (hat, shoes, socks) to aid in the cooling process.
- Help the person into a cold bath, shower, stream, or pond if possible. Otherwise, either mist the person with cool water or place a wet sheet over their body before fanning them; this will cause evaporative cooling, which is faster than simply wetting the person.
- Help the person lie down and raise their feet by about a foot (30cm). This will help prevent shock.
- Replenish the persons fluids and electrolytes. Have the person sip either Gatorade or salty water (1tsp salt per qt water) to counteract both dehydration and the loss of salts through sweating. Dont allow him/her to drink quickly, which can induce shock. If these things are unavailable, offer plain water.
- If the person has muscle cramps, massage the afflicted areas.
- If you observe any of the following symptoms, call emergency services:
1.Signs of shock (ex. bluish lips and fingernails, confusion/loss of alertness)
2.Loss of consciousness
3.A temperature over 102F (38.9C)
4.Rapid breathing and/or pulse and no improvement in condition
Symptoms usually appear about 12 to 14 days after infection. People with malaria have the following symptoms:
- Abdominal pain
- Chills and Sweats
- Diarrhea, Nausea, and Vomiting (these symptoms only appear sometimes)
- High fevers
- Low blood pressure causing dizziness if moving from a lying or sitting position to a standing position (also called orthostatic hypotension)
- Muscle aches
- Poor appetite
You may have malaria if you have any fever during or after travel in malarial regions. See a doctor quickly, and get your blood tested to check if the parasite is present.
The doctor will also check to see if you have an enlarged spleen, which sometimes accompanies the fever of malaria.Don't wait to get home for treatment if you get malaria abroad.
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